Sojourner on Earth

Combined Bibliography SSC and Escalation
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Abbas, H. (2005).  Pakistan’s drift into extremism:  Allah, the army and America’s war on terror.  New Delhi: Pentagon Press.

Abedin, M. (2006) The Iraqi media's response to recent sectarian tension in Iraq. Terrorism Focus, 3(10) Article #. Retrieved May 19, 2006 from The James Foundation. http://www.blallalala.com

Ahmad, ID. (2001, March 12). The Iconoclasts of Afghanistan. Islam Online. Retrieved May 21, 2006 from http://www.islam-online.net/English/Politics/2001/03/article6.shtml.

Alleged Defector From Bin Laden Group Testifies In New York. (2001, February 6). Islam Online [New York].  Retrieved May 21, 2006 from http://www.islamonline.net/English/News/2001-02/07/article2.shtml.

At least Bahrain is trying to address Sunni-Shiite divisions. (2006, May 12). The Daily Star e-journal.  Retrieved on May 19, 2006 from http://bahraini.tv/?p=590

Atti, MA. (2000, October 31). Islamic scholar calls for unity. Islam Online [Doha]. http://www.islamonline.net/English/News/2000-10/31/article2.shtml.

Azerbaijan. (2006) CIA World Factbook. Retrieved May 22, 2006 from http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/aj.html.

Baghdad Library In Flames. (2003, April 13). Agence France-Presse [Baghdad] Retrieved May 21, 2006 from Lexis-Nexis.

Bahrain. (2006) CIA World Factbook. Retrieved May 22, 2006 from http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/ba.html.

Barton, G. (2004). Indonesia's struggle: Jemaah Islamiyah and the soul of Islam. Sydney: UNSW Press.

Batatu, H. (1981). Iraq's underground Shia movements: Characteristics, causes, and prospects. Middle East Journal, 35, 578-94.

Bill, JA. (1984). Islam, politics, and Shi'ism in the Gulf. Middle East Insight, 3 (3), 3-12.

Chew, A. (2006, March 6). 5,000 Rally Outside US Embassy. New Straits Times.

Democratic Iraq? (2004, April 22). BBC News. Retrieved May 21, 2006 http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/programmes/hardtalk/3608729.stm.

Farhadian, C. (Ed). (2005). Christianity, Islam and nationalism in Indonesia. New York: Routledge.

Farooqi, A. (2003). Prolonged Iraq war will fan more conflicts: experts.  Islam Online [Amman]. Retrieved May 21, 2006 from http://www.islamonline.net/english/news/2003-04/02/article03.shtml.

Fisk, R. (2003). A civilization torn to pieces. Retrieved May 21, 2006 from http://www.robert-fisk.com/articles227.htm.

Geertz, C. (1968). Islam observed: Religious development in Morocco and Indonesia. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Gilmartin, D. (1988). Empire and Islam: Punjab and the Making of Pakistan. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Gotlieb, Y. (1981) Sectarianism and the Iraqi State. In M. Curtis (Ed.), Religion and Politics in the Middle East. (3rd ed., pp. 153-61). Boulder: Westview Press.

Hamid, A. (1971). Muslim Separatism in India. Karachi: Oxford University Press.

Haqqani, H. (2005). Pakistan: Between mosque and military. Washington DC: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

Hefner, R. (2000). Civil Islam: Muslims and democratization in Indonesia. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Hodgson, M. (1955). How Did the Early Shia Become Sectarian? Journal of the American Oriental Society, 75(1), 1-13.

Imleji, M. (1999, December 12). Mufti of Egypt calls on Muslims to send zakat to Chechnya. Islam Online [Cairo].  Retrieved May 22, 2006 from http://www.islamonline.net/iol-english/dowalia/news-12-12/topnews1.asp.

Indonesia. (2006) CIA World Factbook.  Retrieved May 22, 2006 from http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/id.html.

Indonesia Gets U.S. Aid Against Terror. (2002, August 2). BBC News.

Iran. (2006) CIA World Factbook. Retrieved May 22, 2006 from http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/ir.html.

Iraq. (2006) CIA World Factbook. Retrieved May 22, 2006 from http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/iz.html.

Khan, A. (2000, October 11). Taliban and Iran to reconcile. Islam Online [Chicago]. Retrieved May 22, 2006 from http://www.islamonline.net/iol-english/dowalia/news-2000-oct-11/topnews6.asp.

Khan, B. (1998, September 6). Fate of Bamiyan Buddha statues hangs in balance. The News International. Retrieved May 21, 2006 from http://www.rawa.org/bamyan.htm.

Lewis, B. (2002). The assassins: A radical sect in Islam. New York: Basic Books.

Lewis, B. (1993). Islam in history: Ideas, people, and events in the Middle East. Chicago: Open Court.

Luthra, D. (2004, April 4) Warnings of civil war in Iraq. BBC News [Basra]. Retrieved May 21, 2006 from http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/programmes/breakfast/3599623.stm.

Minault, G. (1982). The Khilafat Movement. New York: Columbia University Press.

Mitchell, R. (1993). The society of Muslim brothers. New York: Oxford University Press.

Momen, M. (1985) An introduction to Shi’i Islam. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Osama Bin Laden: Wanted by west, hero to many in Islamic world. (2000, August 30). Islam Online [Washington and Kabul]. Retrieved May 22, 2006 from http://www.islam-online.net/iol-english/dowalia/news-2000-August-30/topnews8.asp.

Over 100 Islamists arrested in Tajikistan in 2000. (2001, January 29). Islam Online [Dushanbe]. Retrieved May 22, 2006 from http://islam-online.net/English/News/2001-01/30/article10.shtml.

Pakistan. (2006) CIA World Factbook. Retrieved May 22, 2006 from http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/pk.html.

Pakistani Shi’ites observe Ashura against all odds. (2000, April 16).  Agence France Press[Islamabad]. Retrieved May 22, 2006 from Lexis-Nexis database.

Pakistan's Shiites Mourn Martyr. (2001, April 5). Islam Online [Islamabad]. Retrieved May 21, 2006 from http://www.islam-online.net/English/News/2001-04/06/article10.shtml.

Qutb, S. (1997). In the shade of the Quran. Alexandria, VA: Al Saadawi Publications.

Qutb, S. (1993). Milestones. Chicago: Kazi Publications, Inc.

Roux, G. (1965). Ancient Iraq. Cleveland: World Publishing.

Hardy, R. (2004, April 5). Sadr's radicalism appeals to the young. Retrieved May 21, 2006 from http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/middle_east/3600369.stm.

Saudi Arabia. (2006) CIA World Factbook. Retrieved May 22, 2006 from http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/sa.html.

Sluglett, P. and Farouk-Sluglett, M. (1978). Some reflections on the Sunni/Shia question in Iraq. British Society for Middle East Studies [London], 5, 79-87.

Tewily N. (2006, January 31). Indonesia Looks for New Group’s Links to al Qaeda. Reuters.

Tohme, N. (2000, January 3). Lebanese army tightens net on Takfir Wa Hijra group.  Agence France Press[Sir Denniyeh]. Retrieved May 22, 2006 from Lexis-Nexis database.

Viviano, F. (2006). "The Kurds in Control." National Geographic, 209(1), 26.

Yemen. (2006) CIA World Factbook. Retrieved May 22, 2006 from http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/ym.html.

Zakki H. (2006, March 1). Al Qaeda aid in Indonesia attacks cited. Philadelphia Inquirer.

Zarqawi 2004 letter to al Qaeda leader.  Retrieved on May 19, 2006 from http://www.state.gov/p/nea/rls/31694.htm

Al-Zarqawi declares war on Iraqi Shia. (2005, September 15)