Babushka is an Eastern European term describing an old woman. Eastern European, Eurasian and Mediterranean women
wear a babushka scarf but tie it in a variety of fashions dependent on religious, social and fashionable factors.
Bonnet with visible prayer covering
Traditional Amish Prayer Covering
Bonnet is worn over a prayer covering by Amish and Mennonite women.
Freemason shriner fez
Fez, worn by men, has a
history crossing cultural and religious bounds. A fez seen in the western hemisphere is most often associated with Freemasonry.
Two styles and instructions of wear
Conservative and Fashionable Hijab
Female rugby in Tehran
Hijab is a term used
in the West to describe an Islamic headcovering but the word, Hijab, means the practice of modesty. The use of
the word hijab by the wearer or advocate of wear to mean a covering of head and neck is indicative of conservative Sunni and
Shia sects of Islam and often refers to a square scarf. See Amira, below.
refers to a longer triangle scarf
Little Girl's Hijab
Hair to Neck and Bosom Covering
is a two piece headcovering consisting of a square scarf and an underscarf similar to a khimar except shorter, often seen
on young Muslim girls.
is a long rectangular scarf and can be wrapped to expose or cover the face.
Niqab with shoulder style abaya
Normally worn under Khimar
- this word is used when refering to almost any type of face-veil. Some use this word when talking about the half-face veil.
The half-face niqaab is worn under the scarf if it has an elastic band. It can also have ties, snaps or velcro closure.
- covers all the face. Some models have layers that can be lifted. This may also be referred to as a burqa as used in Afghanistan.
a ghutra or a hatta, is a traditional headdress of Arab men. Color is no more significant than fashion or economy but
there are some regional associations.
Kuwaiti gentlemen meet
"keffiyah" with a black rope circlet called an agal are seen predominantly in ArabGulf
states. This combination in Saudi Arabia
is known as hatta. It is almost exclusively the head covering worn by men in Kuwait
**Confusingly, the term keffiyah in Saudi Arabia refers to the small white cap, called a kufi in most of central Asia,
worn under the hatta.
and white keffiyah are popular from the Mediterranean below Turkey down through middle Iraq
crossing west to the Sinai peninsula with the exception of Jordan.
Red and white keffiyah are predominant in Jordan.
Central Asian Kufi
Kufi is a cap often
associated with American converts to Islam. A kufi can be made of multi-colored yarn or kente cloth indicative of North
African manufacture or crocheted in white yarn indicative of ArabGulf
to Central Asian manufacture. A white kufi may be worn under hatta/ghutra.
Kufi is known by the
following names dependent on the area:
Sheitel is a wig or hairpiece worn by married Jewish women as a cover. It is sometimes worn with a Tichel or Snood
to ensure it is known that their head is covered.
Snood is a loose hair
covering that wraps around the back of the head.
Tichel means kerchief
in yiddish and is worn by orthodox Jewish women.
Sufi Master Muhammad Nazim Adil al-Qubrusi al-Haqqani
Turbans are worn by
Sikh men, Muslim scholars, Indian and Arab men. There is such a variety of turbans around the world.
Turbans require its own page.
Yarmulke is a soft skull
cap worn by men observing reverence in the presence of God. This is traditional wear for men in a synagogue but may
be worn by Jews any where and by non-Jews in attendance of holy Jewish celebrations.
Zuchetto is a small
seam-sectioned skull cap worn by Catholic clergy. Rank is indicated by color:
White is worn by the Pope
Red is worn by cardinals
Violet is worn by abbots and territorial prelates.
Black is rarely worn but authorized for priests
Brown and black zucchetto made of heavier fabric areworn Franciscan friars
and Benedictine or Trappist monks more from practicality than ceremony.