Sojourner on Earth

Head Covering

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Iraqi style Babushka
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Iraqi Jewish woman wearing a babushka
Turkish Babushka
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Tied Yemeni style
Kazakstani Babushka
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Muslim women in Kazakstan

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Babushka is an Eastern European term describing an old woman.  Eastern European, Eurasian and Mediterranean women wear a babushka scarf but tie it in a variety of fashions dependent on religious, social and fashionable factors.

Bonnet
Worn over prayer covering
Amish Bonnet
Quaker Bonnet
View larger
Bonnet with visible prayer covering
Prayer Covering
Worn alone or under a bonnet
Traditional Amish Prayer Covering

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Bonnet is worn over a prayer covering by Amish and Mennonite women.

Fez
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Freemason shriner fez

Fez, worn by men, has a history crossing cultural and religious bounds.  A fez seen in the western hemisphere is most often associated with Freemasonry.

Shayla
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Two styles and instructions of wear
Fashion
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Conservative and Fashionable Hijab

Sport hijab
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Female rugby in Tehran

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hijab is a term used in the West to describe an Islamic headcovering but the word, Hijab, means the practice of modesty.  The use of the word hijab by the wearer or advocate of wear to mean a covering of head and neck is indicative of conservative Sunni and Shia sects of Islam and often refers to a square scarf.  See Amira, below.

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Khimar refers to a longer triangle scarf

Little Girl's Hijab
Often referred to as Hijab
Hair to Neck and Bosom Covering

Amira is a two piece headcovering consisting of a square scarf and an underscarf similar to a khimar except shorter, often seen on young Muslim girls.

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Shayla is a long rectangular scarf and can be wrapped to expose or cover the face.

Niqab
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Niqab with shoulder style abaya

Half-Niqab
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Normally worn under Khimar

 

Niqaab - this word is used when refering to almost any type of face-veil. Some use this word when talking about the half-face veil. The half-face niqaab is worn under the scarf if it has an elastic band. It can also have ties, snaps or velcro closure.

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Boushiya - covers all the face. Some models have layers that can be lifted. This may also be referred to as a burqa as used in Afghanistan.

Keffiyah, shmagh/shemagh, a ghutra or a hatta, is a traditional headdress of Arab men.  Color is no more significant than fashion or economy but there are some regional associations. 

Kuwaiti Kefiyyah
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Kuwaiti gentlemen meet
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White "keffiyah" with a black rope circlet called an agal are seen predominantly in Arab Gulf states.  This combination in Saudi Arabia is known as hatta.  It is almost exclusively the head covering worn by men in Kuwait and Bahrain.

**Confusingly, the term keffiyah in Saudi Arabia refers to the small white cap, called a kufi in most of central Asia, worn under the hatta.

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Black and white keffiyah are popular from the Mediterranean below Turkey down through middle Iraq crossing west to the Sinai peninsula with the exception of Jordan.

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Red and white keffiyah are predominant in Jordan.

 

 

African Kufi
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Kente cloth

Central Asian Kufi
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White crochet

Kufi is a cap often associated with American converts to Islam.  A kufi can be made of multi-colored yarn or kente cloth indicative of North African manufacture or crocheted in white yarn indicative of Arab Gulf to Central Asian manufacture.  A white kufi may be worn under hatta/ghutra.

Kufi is known by the following names dependent on the area:

Kufi, Gefiya, Duppi (Uzbek), Topi (Subcontinent), Taqiya (Sudan), Fila (W. Africa), Chechia Skull cap

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Sheitel is a wig or hairpiece worn by married Jewish women as a cover.  It is sometimes worn with a Tichel or Snood to ensure it is known that their head is covered.

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Snood is a loose hair covering that wraps around the back of the head.

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Tichel means kerchief in yiddish and is worn by orthodox Jewish women.

Sufi Turban
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Sufi Master Muhammad Nazim Adil al-Qubrusi al-Haqqani

Turbans are worn by Sikh men, Muslim scholars, Indian and Arab men.  There is such a variety of turbans around the world.  Turbans require its own page.

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Yarmulke is a soft skull cap worn by men observing reverence in the presence of God.  This is traditional wear for men in a synagogue but may be worn by Jews any where and by non-Jews in attendance of holy Jewish celebrations.

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Zuchetto is a small seam-sectioned skull cap worn by Catholic clergy. Rank is indicated by color:

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            White is worn by the Pope

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            Red is worn by cardinals

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            Violet is worn by abbots and territorial prelates.

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            Black is rarely worn but authorized for priests and deacons

Franciscan zucchetto
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            Brown and black zucchetto made of heavier fabric are  worn Franciscan friars and Benedictine or Trappist monks more from practicality than ceremony.